ISSN 2409-7616

Bykasova L.V., Podberezny V.V., Panova V.A., Trofimenko Yu.V., Samoylova A.N.


UDC 378


Bykasova L.V.1 (Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation) –; Podberezny V.V.1 (Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation) –; Panova V.A.1 (Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation) –; Trofimenko Yu.V.1 (Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation) –; Samoylova A.N.2 (Taganrog, Russian Federation) –

1Rostov State Economic University

2Southern Federal University

Abstract. From the perspective of axiological and hermeneutic approaches, the article examines the phenomenon of childhood, its morphology, which is a spectrum of paradigms that study the form and structure of an object, factors influencing the development of the potential of childhood, the role of the family as an important social institution aimed at educating the younger generation and socializing the individual. The authors made an attempt to reflect on the conceptual principles on which the tactics and strategy of educational work with children in a modern family are based through the prism of the changing attributes of human existence, which makes it possible to identify the multilinear development of the phenomenon of “childhood” through the analysis of pedagogical and psychological correlates, and also to identify those interested whose ideas and meanings manifest the dynamics of educational initiatives: they convey a pluralism of opinions in matters of personal education; form ideological guidelines in the socialization of modern children; determine environmental directions for their comfortable and conflict-free existence in the global world; clearly indicate the main approaches to the education of legal hygiene of the younger generation; strive to level out the emergence of a risky situation for children due to the marginalization of this group of the country’s population, subject to negative external influences from certain criminal elements of society. The appeal to this topic is explained by the close attention of the Government of the Russian Federation to family issues as the support of society in the formation of the individual, his morality and ethics. The family is considered by the authors in the article as a discursive space with a variety of environments artificially created for the mental, physical, and labor development of the individual, for the formation of his culture and citizenship.

Keywords: childhood, traditional values, mentality, child protection, education, becoming a citizen.


  1. Abashina V.V. On the problem of implementing a polysubjective approach in interaction with the family. Perm Pedagogical Journal, 2021, no. 12, pp. 23-25. (In Russian). URL:
  2. Agapov O. D. Anthropological practice as an impossible possibility. News of Saratov University. New episode. Series: Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2021, no. 21, pp. 4–8. (In Russian). DOI: 10.18500/1819-7671-2021-21-1-4-8
  3. Asmolov A.G., Pasternak N. A. Child in adult culture. Moscow, Yurayt Publ., 2022, 151 p. (In Russian). ISBN 978-5-534-09629-3
  4. Afanas’eva T.P., Elkina I.M., Logvinova I.M. et al. “Talking about important things”: what do high school students think about the dialogue with the teacher about traditional Russian values? National and Foreign Pedagogy, 2023, no 3, pp. 7-28. (In Russian). DOI: 10.24412/2224-0772-2023-93-7-28
  5. Bykasova L.V., Samoylova A.N. Networking: per aspera. Bulletin of PGGPU. Psychological and pedagogical sciences, 2021, no. 1, pp. 114-122. (In Russian). DOI: 10.24412/2308-7196-2021-2-88-96
  6. Vasil’eva O.Y., Basyuk V.S., Kazakova E.I. Traditional values of modern Russian education. Bulletin of Moscow University, 2022, no. 4, pp. 4-17. (In Russian). DOI: 10.51314/2073-2635-2022-4-4-17
  7. Volkov A.V., Volkova S.V. Homo educationandus in the mirror of philosophical anthropology. Perspectives of science and education, 2020, no. 6 (48), pp. 22-30. (In Russian). DOI: 10.32744/pse.2020.6.2
  8. Vygotsky L.S. Psychology of development. Moscow, Yurayt Publ., 2023, 281 p. (In Russian). ISBN 978-5-534-07290-7
  9. Gazman O.S. Non-classical education: from authoritarian pedagogy to the pedagogy of freedom.  Moscow, MIROS Publ., 2022, 296 p. (In Russian). ISBN 5-7084-0230-X
  10. Ivanov A.V. Conceptual ideas of new education in the conditions of the information educational paradigm. CITISE, 2022, no. 4, pp. 188-198. (In Russian). DOI:10.15350/2409-7616.2022.4.18
  11. Ivanov A.V. Methodological support of spiritual and moral education at different age stages of development. Alma Mater (Bulletin of Higher School), 2021, no. 4, pp. 34-41. (In Russian). DOI: 10.20339/AM.04-21.034
  12. Leontiev A.N. Activity, consciousness, personality. Moscow, Meaning Publ., 2021, 352 p. (In Russian). ISBN: 978-5-458-03987-1 
  13. Moiseeva L.V., Kuznetsova N.A. Polysubjective approach to the organization of a continuous educational process. Perm Pedagogical Journal, 2021, no. 12, pp. 43-46. (In Russian). URL:
  14. Ryabcev V.K., Slobodchikov V.I. Pedagogical conditions and mechanisms of formation of value-sense orientations of children in an educational organization. Psychological and pedagogical research, 2022, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 113-130. (In Russian). DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2022140307
  15. Selivanova E.A. Tysyachnaya T.A. Psychological and pedagogical conditions of formation of positive “self-concept” of adolescents. Scientific and Pedagogical Review. Pedagogical Review, 2021, no. 4 (38), pp. 229-235. (In Russian). DOI: 10.23951/2307-6127-2021-4-229-235
  16. Stepanov P.V. How to realise the educational potential of extracurricular activity courses? Vneshkolnik, 2020, no 2, pp. 3-8. (In Russian). URL:
  17. Elkonin D.B. Mental development in childhood: selected psychological works. Moscow, Institute of Practical Psychology Publ.; Voronezh, NPO MODEK Publ., 1997. 416 p. (In Russian)
  18. Bykasova L., Podbereznyi V., Petrushenko S. et al. Education subject as a synthesis of cognitive practices. SCTCMG Publ., 2019. pp.  569-576. DOI: 10.15405/epsbs.2019.12.04.77
  19. Croitoru I., Munteanu H. The Moralreligious Education – A Support of Selfconscience Training. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2019, no. 116, pp. 2155-2163. DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.536
  20. Kononova O.A., Podbereznyi V.V., Samojlova A.N. et al. Establishment of The Subject in The Digital Education: Cognitive Practices Synthesis. European Publ., pp. 140-149. DOI: 10.15405/epsbs.2020.01.19

For citation: Bykasova L.V., Podberezny V.V., Panova V.A., Trofimenko Yu.V., Samoylova A.N. Morphology of childhood. CITISE, 2024, no. 1, pp. 541-552. DOI: