ISSN 2409-7616

Popov A.N., Malakhova O.Y., Genvareva Yu.A., Levchenko D.V.


URL 378


Popov A.N.1 (Orenburg, Russian Federation) –; Malakhova O.Y.1 (Orenburg, Russian Federation) –; Genvareva Yu.A.1 (Orenburg, Russian Federation) –; Levchenko D.V.1 (Orenburg, Russian Federation) –

1Samara State Transport University

Abstract. In this article, the authors present an analysis of the formation and development of engineering education in the Orenburg Region in the late XIX – mid XX centuries. The educational institutions that provided training for engineering personnel in the period under review are named and characterized in chronological order. The historiographical review allowed us to form a holistic understanding of the importance of considering the path of each individual technical university of Orenburg region in close relationship with the development of the entire technical educational space of the region. The authors analyzed the problems and difficulties of engineering and technical education relevant for this time period. The emphasis is placed on the measures taken and the chosen vectors of overcoming them. The key turning periods of the reorganization of the considered technical educational institutions are highlighted, the socio-economic determinacy of this process is identified and justified. The prerequisites for the opening of new technical universities in the period under review are analyzed. The historiographical materials are presented, testifying to the significant contribution of specific scientists, government officials, public figures, and industrial workers to the process of formation and strengthening of the technical educational potential of Orenburg region. The authors substantiate that the educational system of higher technical education, built in the Orenburg Region, solved the main task – providing the region with personnel in various industries and agriculture. And in most positions, she fully met human resources needs, conducting training based on a close link with production (for example, training within the target set). Based on scientific analysis and statistics, it can be concluded that graduates of Orenburg technical universities are in demand by the relevant labor market, since most of them have high intellectual potential, fundamental knowledge, practical training, and a range of necessary competencies. These provisions allow us to conclude that an integrated system of higher engineering education has been created in Orenburg region to meet the needs of the region and the country.

Keywords: engineering education, history of technical education, socio-economic situation, Orenburg region.


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For citation: Popov A.N., Malakhova O.Y., Genvareva Yu.A., Levchenko D.V. Engineering education in Orenburg region: historical context, socio-economic and industrial determination (late XIX – mid XX centuries). CITISE, 2024, no. 1, pp. 472-480. DOI: