ISSN 2409-7616

Vagaeva O.A., Galimullina N.M.


UDC 378.14.015.62


Vagaeva O.A.1 (Penza, Russian Federation) –, Galimullina N.M.2 (Kazan, Russian Federation) –

1Penza State Technological University

2Kazan National Research Technical University named after A.N. Tupolev-KAI

Abstract. The study is devoted to the analysis of the concept of “soft skills” (“flexible skills”) as a complex of supra-professional competencies of future specialists and established professionals represented on the labor market. It is revealed that the presence of non-specialized skills and personal qualities other than professional skills and aimed at developing opportunities to adapt in a team (time management, leadership, communication and public speaking skills) can be regarded as a competitive advantage in the labor market. Developed “soft skills” along with professional competencies become an element of evaluation when compiling a position profile. Emotional, cognitive, social and communicative skills also help in achieving career growth. The importance of soft skills is realized by students. Thus, according to the results of a survey of students, the skills of self-education and self-development, public speaking, teamwork and time management were named the most in demand. The study provides an overview of the main technologies for the formation of “soft competencies” in the framework of traditional and distance learning. In addition to the use of pedagogical techniques for the formation of “soft skills” in the course of teaching disciplines of the professional cycle, higher educational institutions are actively implementing the practice of including specialized disciplines related to soft skills in the curricula: “Fundamentals of project activity”, “Technologies of higher education”, “Management in the field of ICT”, “Personnel in the quality management system”, “Fundamentals of Engineering creativity”, “Personal Development”, “Business Communications”, “IT project Team Management”. The article also contains a brief overview of such courses on the platforms of mass open online learning “Open Education”, “Stepik”, “Lectionary”, “Universarium” and on commercial platforms.

Keywords: competencies, soft skills, career, MOOC.


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For citation: Vagaeva O.A., Galimullina N.M. Formation of soft skills as a factor of competitiveness of future specialists. CITISE, 2023, no. 2, pp. 345-357. DOI: