ISSN 2409-7616

Likhacheva O.N., Tymchuk E.V.



UDC 378

Likhacheva O.N.1 (Krasnodar, Russian Federation) – E-mail:, TymchukE.V.2 (Krasnodar, Russian Federation) – E-mail:

1IMSIT Academy

2Kuban State Technological University

Abstract. Every language has some phenomena common to all of them. One of such aspects is   antonymy, which is rather obscure in the language and   the reasons for its occurrence and functioning are not always clear. As a linguistic universal, antonymy presupposes the opposite, which, in turn, is a logical-philosophical category. Dealing with the issues of antonymy, we considered it expedient to consider its logical-philosophical aspect, which will contribute to a more complete understanding of it in linguistics. This article examines the philosophical category of opposition and its features when applied to a linguistic phenomenon. The logical basis of antonymic oppositions founded on negation is also revealed. These components help to reveal the essence and typology of antonyms in two different system languages ​​- Russian and English. These are antonyms-conversions, vector antonyms, contrarian and contradictory units. In the academic process, it is very important to support the explanation of these types of antonyms precisely with a logical and philosophical rationale, which will allow the most thorough disclosure of their essence and subsequent functioning in the languages ​​to be studied. Examples are given in a comparative way of the two languages, their similarities and differences are considered, as well as the possible low-quality perception of the specified antonymic phenomenon when teaching foreign languages ​​at the present stage. The relevance of the article lies in the difficulty of adequate and correct perception of English antonymic vocabulary and constructions by students at the present stage. As a result, there is a need for a comparative analysis of antonyms and deepening of the concepts of negation and opposition from the standpoint of philosophy. The subject of the research is the categories of negation and opposition in English and Russian languages. The novelty lies in the development of classifications that streamline the process of perception of this phenomenon by students from the perspective of the English language. The article is recommended to teachers, students, methodologists, researchers, as well as a wide range of people interested in foreign languages ​​and linguistic research in the context of comparative analysis.

Keywords: perception, academic process, antonymy, logical-philosophical aspect, opposite, typology of antonyms, juxtaposition.


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For citation:

Likhacheva O.N., TymchukE.V. Contradiction and negation in philology – didactic approach. CITISE, 2022, no. 1, pp.234-241. DOI: