Ivanchuk O.V., Plashchevaya E.V.
DIGITALIZATION OF MEDICAL EDUCATION: NEW CHALLENGES AND BOUNDARIES OF APPLICABILITY LIMITS
Ivanchuk O.V.1 (Astrakhan, Russian Federation) – E-mail: email@example.com, Plashchevaya E.V.2 (Blagoveshchensk, Russian Federation) – E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
1Astrakhan State Medical University
2Amur State Medical Academy
Abstract. Nowadays digital medical education is one of the most rapidly developing segments of the education system. The application of digital and distant teaching technologies for training medical personnel have recently had undeniable applicability limits in the classical medical education, where the implementation of principles of professional and practical direction through teaching at a patient’s bed, defined the future doctors training. In the current conditions, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the given limits have become blurred, digital medical education occupies a solid position in the educational process of medical universities. In this regard we considered it important to: 1) reveal the content of the term “digital medical education”; 2) reveal issues (challenges) of digital medical education; 3) reveal the level of maturity of digital competence among medical university students and teaching personnel; 4) formulate the basic provisions for a strategy of forming digital competence among students and teachers (when necessary). For that purpose, we established the systematic survey that meets the PRISMA requirements (Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses), applied the alternative approaches to synthesis and analysis of literature (online application Rayyan QCRI) and software ROBINS-1 for assessing the risks of bias in non-randomized trials. As a result, we formulated the definition of the notion and revealed 3 groups of issues in digital medical education: ethical, technical and competence-based. The obtained data promoted the formation of vectors for developing digital transformation strategies for a medical university that includes all the business processes of a university (educational, academic, maintenance).
Keywords: digital medical education, strategy of digital transformation of universities.
- Bigdeli S., Kaufman D. Digital games in medical education: Key terms, concepts, and definitions. Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran , 2017, vol. 31, no. 52, рр.147-159. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14196 / mjiri.31.52
- Bhatia S. Internet use for patient care and health research: A cross-sectional study among physicians in a teaching hospital of Eastern India. Journal of family medicine and primary care, 2018, no. 5, рр. 993-997 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_262_17
- Ventola C. Social media and health care professionals: benefits, risks, and best practices. P & T: a peer-reviewed journal for formulary management, 2019, vol. 39 (7), рр. 491-520. URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4103576/
- Gordeeva E.V., Muradyan Sh.G., Zhazhoyan A.S. Digitalization in education. Economy and business: theory and practice, 2021, no. 4-1, рр. 112-115. (In Russian). DOI: 10.24412/2411-0450-2021-4-1-112-115
- Zueva N. V., Kosmachev V. M., Stepanov A. G., Shkirtil M. A. Digital Education and Higher Education. Actual Problems of Economics and Management, 2018, no. 4(20), pp. 92-97. (In Russian). URL:https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=36688841
- Car J., Carlstedt-Duke J., Tudor Car L., Posadzki P., Whiting P., Zary N., Atun R., Majeed A., Campbell J. Digital Health Education Collaboration. Digital Education in Health Professions: The Need for Overarching Evidence Synthesis. J Med Internet Res, 2019, no.21(2), ID e12913. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/12913
- Krish C., Liu C., Nozibele G., Jaya D., Li W., Chen F. Bridging the Digital Divide: Measuring Digital Literacy. Economics Discussion Papers, 2017, no. 69. URL: http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2017-69
- Kuhn S, Jungmann F. Medizin im digitalen Zeitalter – Telemedizin in der studentischen Lehre. GMS, 2018, no. 58 (3), pp. 236–240. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3205/zma001353
- Linda L. Whatsapp Messenger as a Mobile Media to Learn Writing for EFL Students. JIKE: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi Efek, 2018, no.1, pp.156-165. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32534/jike.v1i2.156
- Nimavat N., Singh S., Fichadia N., Online medical education in India – various problems and possible solutions in the era of COVID-19. Adv Med Educ Pract. 2021, no. 12, pp.237-243. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/AMEP.S295728
- Silverblatt A. Media literacy in the modern world. Moscow. Information for all Publ., 2018. 138р. (In Russian). URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=47188315
- O’Doherty D., Dromey M., Lougheed J. Barriers and solutions to online learning in medical education – an integrative review. BMC Med Educ, 2018, no. 18, рр.130-149. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-018-1240-0
- Prokofiev A.V. Digitalization of University: Threats and Opportunities. Vedomosti prikladnoi etiki, 2021, no. 57, pp. 10-32. (In Russian). URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=36688841
- Syed S., Rastoji A., Bansal A., Kumar A. The future of e-learning in medical education – perceptions, readiness and challenges in a developing country. Digital Education, 2021, vol. 6, pp.1-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2021.598309
- Saxena N., Zho B.M. Virtual reality environment for professional education in health care. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2018, vol. 10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858
- Samadbeik M. The Applications of Virtual Reality Technology in Medical Groups Teaching. Journal of advances in medical education & professionalism, 2018, vol. 6,3, рр.123-129. URL:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6039818
- Strokov A.A. Digitalization of education: problems and prospects. Bulletin of the Minin University, 2021, vol.8, no. 2, 15р. (In Russian) DOI: https://doi.org/10.26795/2307-1281-2020-8-2-15
- Kar L.T, Kayav B.M., Datlivi G. Digital Problem-Based Learning in Health Professions: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis by the Digital Health Education Collaboration. J Med Internet Res, 2019, no. 21(2), ID e12945. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2196/12945
- Aimaletdinov T.A., Baimuratova L.R., Zaitseva O.A. Digital Literacy of Russian Teachers. Readiness to Use Digital Technologies in the Educational Process. Moscow, NAFI Publ., 2019, 84p. (In Russian).
- Aimaletdinov T.A., Baimuratov L.R., Gritsenko V.I. Digital literacy for the economy of the future. Moscow, NAFI Publ., 2018. 86 p. (In Russian).
- Chernikova I.V., Chernikova D.V. Evolution of the University in the Perspective of Social Epistemology. Vestnik of Tomsk State University, 2018, no. 436, pp. 90-96. (In Russian). URL:https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=36769841
Ivanchuk O.V., Plashchevaya E.V. Digitalization of medical education: new challenges and boundaries of applicability limits. CITISE, 2022, no. 1, pp.121-131. DOI: http://doi.org/10.15350/2409-7616.2022.1.10