ISSN 2409-7616

Zhumadilova M.T.


UDC 37.01

Zhumadilova M.T.1 (Novosibirsk, Russian Federation) –

1Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University

Abstract. Introduction. In the current climate of permanent armed conflicts, the flow of refugees around the world, including orphans and children left without parental care, does not dry up. At the same time, the problem of preserving national identity in connection with the above-mentioned socio-political fact is becoming relevant in modern science, emphasizing the growing interest in the study of the national factor. The presented conditions have confronted the educational and scientific community, as well as government agencies, with the need to rethink the accumulated experience in the domestic theory of education in preserving the national identity of children in social institutions. Purpose of the article: to determine the conditions for preserving national identity in the Novonikolaevsk refugee shelter in the first quarter of the 20th century. Methodology and research methods. The theoretical and methodological basis of the article was the works of domestic and foreign scientists, which explored the conceptual aspects of national identity, revealed aspects of the psychological and pedagogical adaptation of refugee children in society, analyzed regional historical and pedagogical experience in raising children of different social groups, as well as comprehensive studies of the cultural components of the nation. The research methods are the analysis of theoretical sources and archival evidence from the State Archives of the Novosibirsk Region. Discussion of the research results. As a result of the study, it was found that the preservation of national identity was formed through labor and religious education, as well as the continued study of the national linguistic culture within the framework of the new society. Conclusion. In view of the material presented, the author identified the following conditions for preserving national identity in the Novonikolayevsky shelter for refugee children. Firstly, as a means of religious education, children and members of national communities, depending on their religion, could attend a religious organization. Secondly, subjects related to ethnicity were created as a means of labor education. Also, the most important tool in the implementation of state policy was the creation of national (ethno cultural schools).

Keywords: education, national identity, orphans, refugee children, refugees, shelter for refugees, social institutions, social pedagogy, social protection of children.


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For citation: Zhumadilova M.T. The preservation of national identity as the goal of educational work in a refugee shelter. CITISE, 2024, no. 2, pp. 74-83.