ISSN 2409-7616

Mabiala G., Maslich E.A., Amirova E.F., Suvileh A.M., Kalmus A.V.


UDC 331.5.024.52


Mabiala G.1 (Simferopol, Russian Federation) –; Maslich E.A.1 (Simferopol, Russian Federation) –; Amirova E.F.2,3 (Kazan, Russian Federation) –; Suvileh A.M.1 (Simferopol, Russian Federation) –; Kalmus A.V.1 (Simferopol, Russian Federation) –

1V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University

2Kazan Federal University

3Kazan State Agrarian University

Abstract. The purpose of the article is to generalize the primary demographic factors of human capital reproduction, to identify the causes of low efficiency in demographic process management, to develop strategies to stimulate a positive trend in human development, without which it is impossible to solve the problem of developing the real sector of the economy, as well as to substantiate promising ways of generating socio-economic human capital.Along with traditional methods of scientific research, computational and graphical techniques were applied and the statistical and mathematical apparatus of multiple regression of factors of sustainable development of human capital, specific methods of qualitative and quantitative assessment of changes in human capital parameters (Kendrick’s method of calculating the accumulation of investments in a person, the Mincer model and calculation of the human development index, etc.) were used. The concept of “human capital” is interpreted as proposed. The trends of the basic and chain indicators of the population and human development of Russia over the past 10 years are revealed. The growth rates of demographic indicators of the dynamics of migration flows for 2011-2022 have been determined. A multiplicity-correlation model of the demographic state of human potential development has been developed, and integrated indicators of its reproduction have been identified, which made it possible to identify factors and establish the influence of each of them on the process of sustainable development of human capital.The formation of the author’s position on the essence of human capital allowed us to propose a conceptual model for structuring the factors of its socio-economic development based on its demographic determinants. Its formation takes on various forms and passes through various stages of the human life cycle. The socio-economic development of the country requires the creation of effective tools for the development of human capital that can ensure the effective use of human resources.

Keywords: human capital, human development, demographic factors, able-bodied population, socio-economic trends, human development indices, population life cycles.


  1. Aitova Yu.S. Assessment of the development of social infrastructure in the regions of the Russian Federation from the perspective of reproduction of human capital. Bulletin of Eurasian Science, 2020, no. 12(4), pp. 1-12. (In Russian). (In Russian). URL:
  2. Gorbunov A.P., Kasaeva T.V., Rud N.Yu. The recreational component of the reproduction of human capital in the region. Izvestiya Kabardino-Balkarian Scientific Center, 2016, no.  3(71), pp. 79-84. (In Russian). URL:
  3. Ishmuratova D.F. Reproduction and development of human capital in urban and rural conditions. Urbanistic, 2020, no. 4, pp. 53-60. (In Russian). DOI: 10.7256/2310-8673.2020.4.34445
  4. Kobzistaya Yu.G. Human capital: concept and features. Fundamental research. 2018, no. 2, pp. 118–122. (In Russian). URL:
  5. Mozgovykh A.V. Gary Becker’s Theory of human capital. Tariff regulation and expertise, 2018, no. 2, pp. 27-29. (In Russian). URL:
  6. Tikhonov E.I. Human capital: the essence and organization of reproductive processes. Bulletin of the Far Eastern State Agrarian University, 2016, no. 3(39), pp. 122–130. (In Russian). URL:
  7. Anikin V.A. Human Capital in Post-Crisis Russia: Status and Impact. Journal of Institutional Studies, 2018, vol.  10(2), pp. 90–117. DOI: 10.17835/2076-6297.2018.10.2.090-117
  8. Khairullina Yu.R. Human capital of the region: the problem of stabilization of fertility and social well-being of children. Scientific Tatarstan, 2017, no. 1, pp. 93-97. (In Russian). URL:
  9. Yakunina R.P. Assessment of the level of human capital using the modernized human development index. Bulletin of the Samara State University of Economics, 2021, no.  4(198), pp. 38-46. (In Russian). DOI: 10.46554/1993-0453-2021-4-198-38-46
  10. Aimukhanbetova G. Intellectual capital management for increasing innovative activity of enterprises. Bulletin of the Karaganda University. Economy Series, 2019, vol.  93(1), pp. 143–149. URL:
  11. Avdeeva D. Human Capital Measures in Economic Growth Studies: An Overview. Higher School of Economics Economic Journal, 2022, vol.  26(2), pp. 240–269. DOI:  10.17323/1813-8691-2022-26-2-240-269
  12. Baranov A.O., Slepenkova I.M., Tagaeva T.O. Improvement of Statistics on the Reproduction of Human Capital. Studies on Russian Economic Development, 2020, vol.  31(1), pp. 17–23. DOI: 10.1134/S1075700720010049
  13. Mabiala G., Linskiy D.V., Amirova E.F. and others. Human capital quality and its impact on economic growth of Russian regions. MIR (Modernization. Innovation. Research). 2023, vol.   14(4), pp. 654-679. DOI: 10.18184/2079-4665.2023.14.4.654-679
  14. Kokuytseva T., Ovchinnikova O. Theoretical aspects of human capital influence on regional development. E3S Web of Conferences, 2020, vol.  217, iD. 07017. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/202021707017
  15. Melnikov P.V. Human capital as a resource for the development of the regional socio-economic system. Natural sciences and Humanities research, 2021, no. 38 (2), pp. 229-235. (In Russian). DOI: 10.24412/2309-4788-2021-6-229-235
  16. Loksov V.V., Ryumina Y.V., Ulyanov V.V. Regional differentiation of human potential indicators. R-Economy, 2016, vol. 2(1), pp. 28–37. DOI: 10.15826/recon.2016.2.1.003
  17. Makarycheva I.V., Shishkanova G.A., Kulagova I.A. New population policy and its impact on national human capital. Bulletin of the Altai Academy of Economics and Law, 2020, vol.  1(5), pp. 122-127. DOI:
  18. Perez Iznaga L. Intellectual capital management of companies in digital economy. Vestnik of Astrakhan State Technical University. Series: Economics, 2022, vol. 1, pp.43-49. DOI: 10.24143/2073-5537-2022-1-43-49
  19. Mabiala G., Linsky D.V., Voloshin A.I. and others. Aspects of the formation and development of economic systems in the context of socio-economic transformations. CITISE, 2023, 3(37), pp. 383-397. (In Russian). DOI: 10.15350/2409-7616.2023.3.32
  20. Zemtsov S.P., Komarov V.M., Barinova V.A. Uncovering New Economy Potential of Russian Regions on the Basis of the Last 20 Years Dynamics’ Analysis. Economy of Regions, 2022, vol. 18(1), pp. 92–104. DOI: 10.17059/ekon.reg.2022-1-7

For citation: Mabiala G., Maslich E.A., Amirova E.F., Suvileh A.M., Kalmus A.V. Aspects of human capital development and demographic factors impacting it. CITISE, 2024, no. 1, pp. 707-726. DOI: