ISSN 2409-7616

Evseev V.O., Panova T.V.



UDC 330

Evseev V.O.1 (Moscow, Russian Federation) – E-mail:, Panova T.V.2 (Moscow, Russian Federation) – E-mail:

1Plekhanov Russian University of Economics

2Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)

Abstract. The main research is aimed at confirming the significance of the concept of “break-even point” in the systems of economic management ideologies and the search for confirming patterns between the indicators of break-even points and such indicators as jobs, social tension, HDI, Gini coefficient, happiness index. Methodology. A model of the economic functioning of the university was developed, on the basis of which break-even points were calculated for various variable indicators of input data. Also, experiments were carried out on the model of the university’s work, bringing the university’s work closer to the conditions of a socialist and liberal model of economic management. Results. A system of regression equations was obtained describing the relationship between the break-even point, in our case, the number of students at the university, and generally accepted macroeconomic indicators: HDI, the number of jobs, social tension. Evidence has been obtained that the point of loss-making in the socialist ideology of economic management tends to a larger number of young people covered by the education system, i.e. to a larger number of people, this trend is inversely related to the liberal model of economic management. Conclusions. Based on the results of the simulation, a conclusive confirmation was obtained that the break-even point is the basic category of the ideology of economic management. The break-even point in the ideology of the socialist management model covers a much larger number of young people in the education system than in the liberal ideology of economic management. The liberal ideology of economic management does not consider the decline of the population a critical factor, since its break-even point is formed on a much smaller number of people. The uneven distribution of wealth among the people triggers a mechanism for reducing its number. Also, the socialist model showed the calculated need for more job creation and, as a result, a higher HDI and Happiness index, a larger population.

Keywords: economic theory, break-even point, ideological management model, population growth, education level increase, social tension, HDI, business games.


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For citation:

Evseev V.O., Panova T.V. Social equality as the basis for population growth (the oretical economics and the break-even point). CITISE, 2022, no. 1, pp.517-527. DOI: