Manshim R.V., Bezverbnaya N.A., Lukianets E.S.
SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC CONSEQUENCES OF THE LARGEST NATURAL AND MAN-MADE DISASTERS IN THE WORLD IN THE PERIOD FROM 1995 TO 2019
Manshim R.V.1 (Moscow, Russian Federation) – E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Bezverbnaya N.A.1 (Moscow, Russian Federation) – E-mail: email@example.com, Lukianets E.S.1 (Moscow, Russian Federation) E-mail: alenchik-88@yandeх.ru
1Institute for Demographic Research FCTAS RAS
Abstract. Natural disasters and man-made disasters often lead to deaths, injuries, diseases and other negative consequences for the physical and mental health of a person. Indirectly, disasters can lead to social discontent and lack of resources, which can provoke social conflicts. In the scientific discourse, quite often the subject of research is the damage caused to the ecological infrastructure by natural and man-made disasters, however, the study of the socio-economic and demographic consequences of natural disasters is no less scientific and public importance, since these incidents usually lead, among other things, to serious negative economic consequences. On the other hand, scientists have repeatedly made attempts to study the socio-economic and demographic consequences of both natural and man-made disasters, however, systematic studies of damage from two types of disasters in the scientific literature are quite rare. The main objectives of this article are to systematize the demographic and socio-economic damage caused by natural and man-made disasters in the specified time period, to investigate the causes of natural and man-made disasters of an emergency nature, to show the importance of preventive measures at the level of the state and public organizations, as well as to suggest ways to improve the quality of emergency preparedness and response. The article uses a sample of 137 countries for the period 1995-2019. Thus, the study of the consequences of natural and man-made emergencies is interdisciplinary. Not only geographers and ecologists, but also sociologists and economists need to comprehensively study the social consequences of the disaster, the activities of modern social institutions in solving this urgent problem.
Keywords: natural disasters, natural disasters, man-made disasters, demographic consequences, socio-economic damage.
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