ISSN 2409-7616

N. Amirova, L. Sargina, Y. Kondratyeva



Naylya R. Amirova – PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of Political Economy and the history of economic science of the Russian University of Economics named after G.V. Plekhanova, Moscow, Russian Federation, E-mail:

Lyudmila V. Sargina – PhD in Economics, Associate Professor of Political Economy and the history of economic science of the Russian University of Economics named after G.V. Plekhanova, Moscow, Russian Federation, E-mail:

Yana E. Kondratyeva – Bachelor of the Faculty of Economics and Law Russian Economic University named after G.V. Plekhanova, Moscow, Russian Federation, E-mail:

Abstract. Agriculture is one of the basic sectors of the economy, providing the country’s population with food and raw materials industry. In modern conditions, this area, like other sectors of the economy, is characterized by the use of new technologies, caused by the need to reduce production costs, the need to meet the needs of the modern market, the rapidly changing requirements of standards and many regulatory documents. The aim of the study is to identify the impact of digital technology on agriculture. The basis of the article was the scientific work of Russian and foreign scientists and agencies. Also, a set of scientific approaches and methods that are based on a theoretical and methodological study of the latest digital technologies and the possibility of their integration in the agricultural sector are used in the work. The growth of both the ability and the need for data collection, management and analysis can lead to a fundamental change in the organization of the food system. Digital technologies, including some “end-to-end technologies,” are making significant changes to the agricultural sector, starting with the automation of agricultural machinery and ending with the optimization of the agri-food supply chain and resource costs, including human labor. The article analyzes the external and internal drivers of agricultural digitalization. Brief characteristics of the latest technologies are given, a study of their potential and the possibility of application in agriculture is carried out. Various methods of digitalization are analyzed from the application of low-tech solutions using the simplest technologies to obtain management recommendations to the high-tech smart farming technologies, which include many sensors, the Internet of things, big data analytics, robotics and artificial intelligence to automate processes. The authors consider the opportunities and challenges that these innovations cause, the current state of the introduction of digital technologies in Russia, and also analyze the experience of various countries in using these technologies in agriculture. 

Keywords: digitalization, agriculture, remote sensing, unmanned aerial vehicles, big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence, smart farming, precision farming, the Internet of things.



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For citation:

Amirova N.R.,  Sargina L.V., Kondratyeva Y.E. Digital technologies in agriculture. CITISE, 2020, no. 2, pp. 266-280. DOI: