O. Ganina, O. Ivanchuk
THEORETICAL BASES OF METHODS OF FORMING MEDICAL JUDGMENT AMONG FUTURE DOCTORS WHEN STUDYING PHYSICS IN A UNIVERSITY
Olga G. Ganina – Head teacher of chair of physics, mathematics and medical informatics of Astrakhan State Medical Academy (Russia, Astrakhan), ORCID: 0000-0001-8417-9965, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Olga V. Ivanchuk – Doctor of Education, Associate Professor, Head of chair of physics, mathematics and medical informatics, Federal State Budgetary Institution of Higher Education Astrakhan State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia (Russia, Astrakhan), RSCI SPIN-code: 4207-9363 / ORCID: 0000-0002-1614-7483, E-mail: email@example.com
Abstract. The given article presents a study that formed a basis for creating a model for teaching physics in a medical university. The presented model is a synergy of the tendency of competency-based approach aimed at forming a set of competencies as abilities and readiness for future professional activity of medical students with a historically established approach in teaching future doctors in Russian and foreign practice. Theoretical basis of the given study became the authors’ early definition of medical judgment. It is the medical judgment that allowed us to reasonably formulate the main intersection points of competencies as elements of medical judgment. The model first used a methodological approach on forming medical judgment that had previously been used exclusively in clinical chairs. Thus, the theoretical basis of the study is the active method of working with students in the form of a situational approach that is implemented through a case study, which concordantly combines trends in the development of modern education. The authors prove with their model that the cognition methods that are generated in physics classes do not contradict the main stages of a doctor’s activity and promote its structuredness and awareness. All this positively affected the results of the introduction of the given model. The evaluation of these methods was carried out with the help of the selected diagnostic criteria, which allows characterizing the presented model as the relevant one for the introduction into the educational process of a medical university.
Keywords: medical judgment, teaching physics the students of medical universities.
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