ISSN 2409-7616

D. Astanin


Dmitry M. Astanin – Senior lecturer Subdepartment of architectural environment design Cherepovets State University (Russia, Cherepovets), SPIN code: 5969-0840, E-mail:

Abstract. Theses for search of new types of ecological tourism on the basis of allocation of the prevailing signs of the territory are formed.  Currently, ecotourism is spread all over the world: Latin America, Asia, Africa. As a result of natural and cultural features, the existing models of ecotourism have been transformed and new types of ecotourism have appeared. The middle East is the center of the origin of the planet’s religions. A distinctive feature of Iran, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Israel is the orientation of tourism on pilgrimage tours to sacred places. In Africa and Australia, there is a type of ecotourism such as ethnic or aboriginal tourism, the cultural landscape of which includes the territory of traditional nature management of local tribes. A special feature of ecotourism in Central and Latin America is the organization of national parks for the preservation of ancient landscape complexes of extinct civilizations. In Russia, a new type of ecotourism has emerged – expeditionary tourism, which is less dependent on the transport accessibility of the territory and its routes cover large areas. Ecological and cultural synthesis, going beyond the protected areas to the cultural landscape, the greening of the local economy – these can and should be the new principles of the Russian strategy of ecotourism. Each macroregion is characterized by its model of environmental and cultural values, which should form national eco-tourism concepts.

Keywords: ecological tourism, American (North American, Australian) ecotourism model, Western European (German) ecotourism model, recreational tourism, educational tourism, scientific tourism, rural tourism, ethnic tourism, historical tourism, pilgrimage tourism, ethnic tourism, historical tourism, expedition tourism.



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