Kargapolova E.V., Davydova Yu.A.
WELL-BEING OF THE POPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN REGION UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC LIMITATIONS (BY THE EXAMPLE OF THE MOSCOW AGGLOMERATION)
Kargapolova E.V.1 (Moscow, Russian Federation) – firstname.lastname@example.org, Davydova Yu.A.1 (Moscow, Russian Federation) – email@example.com
1Plekhanov Russian University of Economics
Abstract. In modern society, the region is the most important element of the social structure. Under the influence of the mechanisms of globalization, the region is transforming. One of these mechanisms was digitalization, which has repeatedly increased its influence during the period of socio-economic restrictions of the new coronavirus infection. At the same time, the region retains its identity, acting as a meso-environment and adapting the population to the challenges of the “big society” during the period of turbulence of quarantines and restrictions. The focus of our study is a unique region of Russia – the Moscow urban agglomeration, which includes the capital city of Moscow and the Moscow region. We are studying an integral indicator of the state of the region – the social well-being of the population based on large-scale surveys of the population of the region in April-May and November-December 2020 based on the Standard Methodology of the All-Russian Research Program of the project “Sociocultural Evolution of Russia and its Regions”, developed at the Center for the Study of Sociocultural changes of the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences under the direction of N.I. Lapin and L.A. Belyaeva and tested in thirty regions of Russia. The results of our study showed a lower life satisfaction of the population of the Moscow agglomeration by the end of 2020. Only one in five is completely satisfied with life. The self-assessment of the short-term retrospective of the living conditions of the respondent and his family also decreases. At the same time, short-term optimism is on the rise, apparently due to expectations that social restrictions will be lifted and life will return to normal in 2021. Long-term optimism indicators have not changed. Every fifth person is quite confident in the future. Indicators of social well-being are higher among believers, which indicates the implementation of the adaptive function of religion in a period of immediate threat to life. The indicators of social well-being of residents of the Moscow agglomeration are higher than in other regions of Russia, which is most likely due to a higher level of financial situation. This was also reflected in the results of our study.
Keywords: social well-being, region, socio-economic restrictions, COVID-19 pandemic, Moscow agglomeration.
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Kargapolova E.V., Davydova Yu.A.Well-being of the population of the Russian region under the conditions of socio-economic limitations (by the example of the Moscow agglomeration). CITISE, 2022, no. 3, pp. 301-316. DOI: http://doi.org/10.15350/2409-7616.2022.3.27