Suslova T.F., Starovoitova L.I.
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL WORK WITH FAMILIES OF AUTISTIC CHILDREN
Suslova T.F.1 (Moscow, Russian Federation) – E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Starovoitova L.I.2 (Moscow, Russian Federation) – E-mail: email@example.com
1Moscow State Regional University
2Russian State Social University
Abstract. The article reveals aspects of psychological and pedagogical work with families in which children with autism spectrum disorders are brought up. The birth of a child with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder forms a large number of problems that parents primarily face. It becomes their responsibility to solve these diverse problems. As a rule, most of the problems, care and responsibility for the development and treatment of the child are assumed by mothers. The main task is to involve an autistic child in society, his social development, which is extremely emotionally costly. In these conditions, the process of emotional burnout of the parents of a disabled child and, above all, the mother begins to form. Paying special attention in the article to the problems of emotional burnout of parents in families raising autistic children, the authors identify the causes of emotional burnout of parents, give their classification. The recommendations of providing psychological and pedagogical assistance to families who are in a difficult psychological situation are formulated. The authors note that to date, many studies of maternal burnout are focused on understanding what makes mothers vulnerable to the occurrence of this condition – this is a low level of state support, the development of inclusive education, social attitudes, family factors and personal characteristics of parents and children. According to the authors, it is the family to a greater extent that can become the resource, the use of which will largely help parents cope with numerous problems, physical and psychological stress that appears at the birth of a child with health problems.
Keywords: autistic children, emotional burnout, parental burnout, mothers of children with autism spectrum disorders.
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