ISSN 2409-7616

Mayramukaeva F.A.

PEDAGOGICAL POTENTIAL OF THE DISCIPLINE «RUSSIAN LANGUAGE AND CULTURE OF SPEECH» IN THE ADAPTATION OF FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS

DOI: http://doi.org/10.15350/2409-7616.2022.2.11

UDC 378

Mayramukaeva F.A.1 (Vladikavkaz, Russian Federation) – E-mail: abaevafb@mail.ru

1Ossetian Language, North Ossetian State University named after A.I. K. L. Khetagurova

Abstract. One of the leading directions of the effective organization of the educational activities of the university is the adaptation of students to the educational process. This actualizes the problem of the study, which is devoted to the problems of adaptation of first-year students in a new educational space, the most important areas of the educational process, contributing to the flexible adaptation of students to the conditions of higher education, a favorable socio-psychological climate among students. Unlike other types of adaptation, educational adaptation (or adaptation to the conditions of a new educational environment) plays a significant role in the system of scientific knowledge and extends to mental, physical and personal components, since their personally significant attitudes undergo strong changes. The author proves the thesis that the activation of the cognitive activity of first-year students in the classroom in the discipline “Russian language and culture of speech” contributes to a more flexible overcoming of the adaptation period, minimizing difficulties in the professional and personal spheres. The quality of education at a university significantly depends on the adaptation of first-year students to new conditions, their academic motivation, student satisfaction with the chosen direction and profile of training, the degree of students’ awareness of the content of academic disciplines, the success of mastering new social roles, the nature of the reorientation of values, etc. Sustainable adaptation of first-year students is manifested at such a level of educational and cognitive activity, at which their behavior becomes adequate to new conditions, they acquire the ability to analyze current social situations, to realize their capabilities in a given society. One of the leading directions of the effective organization of the educational activities of the university is the adaptation of students to the educational process. This actualizes the problem of the study, which is devoted to the problems of adaptation of first-year students in a new educational space, the most important areas of the educational process, contributing to the flexible adaptation of students to the conditions of higher education, a favorable socio-psychological climate among students. Unlike other types of adaptation, educational adaptation (or adaptation to the conditions of a new educational environment) plays a significant role in the system of scientific knowledge and extends to mental, physical and personal components, since their personally significant attitudes undergo strong changes. The author proves the thesis that the activation of the cognitive activity of first-year students in the classroom in the discipline “Russian language and culture of speech” contributes to a more flexible overcoming of the adaptation period, minimizing difficulties in the professional and personal spheres. The quality of education at a university significantly depends on the adaptation of first-year students to new conditions, their academic motivation, student satisfaction with the chosen direction and profile of training, the degree of students’ awareness of the content of academic disciplines, the success of mastering new social roles, the nature of the reorientation of values, etc. Sustainable adaptation of first-year students is manifested at such a level of educational and cognitive activity, at which their behavior becomes adequate to new conditions, they acquire the ability to analyze current social situations, to realize their capabilities in a given society.

Keywords: educational process, adaptation, Russian language and culture of speech, adaptability criteria, adaptation, freshman.

References:

  1. Abreimova G.N. Technology of teaching students phraseological units within the framework of the discipline “Russian language and culture of speech”. Questions of Pedagogy, 2021, no. 3-2, pp. 11-14. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=45083653
  2. Avdeyuk O.A., Aseeva E.N., Pavlova E.S. Adaptation of first-year students to study at the university and the role of the pre-university form of education in this process. Successes of modern natural science, 2011, no. 4, pp. 145. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=16263226
  3. Belyaev D.D. Russian language and culture of speech: the working program of the special course. Jurislinguistics, 2003, no. 4, pp. 12-24. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=26251825
  4. Gavrilov V.V. The specificity of the development of the speech culture of university students within the framework of the discipline “Russian language and culture of speech” (linguoculturological aspect). International Scientific Research Journal, 2020, no. 6-3 (96), pp. 26-30. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=43032336
  5. Gatieva L.Kh.M., Chernyaeva E.V., Tillaev A.Kh. Adaptation of students to the university educational environment in the context of professional and personal development.  CITISE, 2021, no. 4 (30), pp. 298-308. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=47652536
  6. Gorlova E.A., Zhuravleva O.V. Rhetoric of business communication (as part of the course “Russian language and culture of speech”). Samara, SGASU Publ., 2016. 148 p. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=29349042
  7. Gorkaya Zh.V., Gorky A.S. Adaptation of students to educational and professional activities. Innovative science, 2016, no. 12-4, pp. 191-195. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=27544832
  8. Gretskaya A.N. Adaptation of students to study at the university as a socio-pedagogical problem. Collection of conferences of the Research Center Sociosphere, 2021, no. 33, pp. 27-30. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=47147011
  9. Dzusova B.T., Slanova M.A. Formation of language and linguistic competencies of students – future teachers in the conditions of bilingualism. CITISE, 2021, no. 2 (28), pp. 138-144. URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=46336235
  10. Ivanova A.D., Shamsutdinova D.F. Socio-psychological adaptation of first-year students at the university. Social policy and sociology, 2010, no. 8 (62), pp. 474-479. (In Russian). URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=17100087
  11. Irismambetova N.A. The use of interactive technologies in the learning process (on the example of a business game). CITISE, 2019, no. 1 (18), pp. 1. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=37292574
  12. Miloslavsky I.G. Modern Russian language culture of speech and grammar. Moscow, Yurayt Publ., 2020. 216 p. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=43012969
  13. Muller O.Yu., Rotova N.A. Socio-psychological adaptation of students to teaching at a pedagogical university. Russian Journal of Psychology, 2020, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 18-29. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=44156129
  14. Sagitova L.A., Sagitov R.N. Adaptation of first-year students in college. Education and upbringing, 2017, no. 5 (15), pp. 135-139. (In Russian). URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=30733827
  15. Timoshenko T.E. Approaches to teaching bachelors – linguists (within the discipline “Russian language and culture of speech”). Symbol of science: international scientific journal, 2015, no. 1-2, pp. 86-89. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=23382214
  16. Schiller E.A. Adaptation of first-year students to study at the university.  Nevinnomyssk, Nevinnomyssk Institute of Economics, Management and Law Publ., 2018, pp. 613-616. (In Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=37211041

For citation:

Mayramukaeva F.A. Pedagogical potential of the discipline «Russian language and culture of speech» in the adaptation of first-year students. CITISE, 2022, no. 1, pp.127-134. DOI: http://doi.org/10.15350/2409-7616.2022.2.11