Kravchenko S.N., Pavlovskaya A.A., Novikova M.M., Bryansky I.N., Demyanenko I.V.
COMFORTABLE URBAN ENVIRONMENT: EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN PROJECTS OF NIZHNEVARTOVSK UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
Kravchenko S.N.1 (Nizhnevartovsk, Russian Federation) – E-mail: email@example.com, Pavlovskaya A.A.1 (Nizhnevartovsk, Russian Federation) – E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Novikova M.M.1 (Nizhnevartovsk, Russian Federation) – E-mail: email@example.com, Bryansky I.N.1 (Nizhnevartovsk, Russian Federation) – E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Demyanenko I.V.1 (Nizhnevartovsk, Russian Federation) – E-mail: email@example.com
1Nizhnevartovsk State University
Abstract. The purpose of the study is to find optimal solutions to the problem of creating a comfortable urban environment in the regions of the Far North, to develop original design projects for urban public spaces. The methodological basis of the study was made up of both general theoretical methods – description, analysis, comparison, classification, and the basic methodological principles of design theory, theory of architecture, art history, and aesthetics. In the process of developing projects, the methods and principles of architectural and landscape design were used: the method of associations, the method of analogies, the bionic method, the method of neology, the hyperbole method, the decomposition method and the principle of successive approximation, the method of leading task, the method of empathy, the method of advanced technologies, the method of free expression of a function , the Delphic method (represented in the works of Russian theoreticians and practitioners of architecture – V.T. Shimko, V.L. Glazychev), as well as computer technologies Autodesk 3ds Max, AdobePhotoshop CC and CorelDRAW. The study combines theoretical and practical (applied) aspects. In the course of the study, the “reference” points of the problem of urban planning in the northern latitudes were identified, analog projects for the arrangement of the urban environment and landscape design were analyzed. Design developments were carried out by students under the guidance of leading teachers of the Department of Architecture, Design and Decorative Arts of Nizhnevartovsk State University and specialists from the Department of Architecture and Urban Planning of the Construction Department of the city of Nizhnevartovsk. The main results and conclusions are to determine the current strategies for the development of cities in Western Siberia, the creation of experimental design projects for public spaces in the cities of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Yugra. The city of Nizhnevartovsk is considered as a project site, located on the banks of the Ob River in close proximity to the Samotlor oil field, which is one of the largest centers of the Russian oil industry.
Keyword: urban environment, landscape, design, project, comfortable environment, park, alley, public garden, landscaping, federal project “Formation of a comfortable urban environment”.
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Kravchenko S.N., Pavlovskaya A.A., Novikova M.M., Bryansky I.N., Demyanenko I.V. Comfortable urban environment: experimental design projects of nizhnevartovsk university students. CITISE, 2022, no. 1, pp.31-48. DOI: http://doi.org/10.15350/2409-7616.2022.2.03