PHENOMENON OF STIGMATIZATION OF YOUNG SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN WITH DISABLED HEALTH OPPORTUNITIES
Fomina O.E.1 (Murom, Russian Federation) – E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
1Vladimir State University
Abstract. The article presents an analysis of the problem of stigmatization of disabled children of primary school age attending a children’s rehabilitation center for children and adolescents with disabilities. The article describes the mechanism of psychological and pedagogical research aimed at identifying the attitude of normative children to their peers with disabilities, as well as the attitude of parents of healthy children of primary school age to children with disabilities. The study examined the factors influencing the stigmatization of children with disabilities. The scientific novelty and theoretical significance of the work lies in the development of a mechanism for studying the phenomenon of stigmatization of disabled children by healthy peers. The practical significance of the study is the data obtained during the diagnostic study of stigmatization of primary school children with disabilities, which can be used by specialists in correctional and rehabilitation work in children’s rehabilitation centers for children and adolescents, correctional educational institutions, educational institutions, psychologists, teachers and social workers. as well as parents of children with disabilities. The study allowed the author to suggest that it is impossible to change the situation of stigmatization of people with disabilities only by the legislative introduction of compulsory inclusive education. The country needs purposeful complex psychological and pedagogical work both with the parents of a child with disabilities, since they form his further perception of himself and help him build his behavior in society, and with the parents of normative children, informing them about who the children with disabilities are, what features they have, and how to communicate with them correctly. It is necessary to form a positive image of children with disabilities among classmates and teachers, teaching them to carefully interact with a child with disabilities.
Keywords: disabled people, disabled children, stigma, tolerance, education, upbringing, sociological research.
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