ISSN 2409-7616

Gasparyan S.V., Piskunov A.I., Napris Z.S., Kolev A.A.



UDC 338.432

Gasparyan S.V.1 (Ryazan, Russian Federation) – E-mail:, Piskunov A.I.2 (Perm, Russian Federation) – E-mail:, Napris Z.S.1 (Ryazan, Russian Federation) – E-mail:, Kolev A.A.3 (Vologda, Russian Federation) – E-mail:

1Academy of the Federal penitentiary service of Russia

2Perm Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia

3Vologda Institute of Law and Economics of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia

Abstract. The article examines the main aspects of the production of competitive products in the penal system. The article considers the activities of auxiliary farms of correctional institutions in the framework of self-sufficiency with food for convicts, suspects and accused. The expediency of expanding the production of agricultural products in the penal system is revealed. The role of mechanization and automation of processes in the framework of the efficiency of animal husbandry is determined. The study of one of the most efficient and cost – effective branches of agriculture in the food industry-poultry farming. The advantages of the poultry industry over other industries are noted. Territorial-construction, production-technological, organizational-economic and other factors influencing the formation and well-coordinated functioning of the poultry industry are identified. The state of the level of mechanization of animal husbandry in the penal system is analyzed. The types of technical means, such as mowers, mowers-flatteners, mowers-grinders, rakes, balers, forage harvesters, used for the preparation of feed in animal husbandry and allowing to minimize the loss of nutrients, while reducing labor and money costs, are determined. The types of feed dispensers and individual and group drinkers used to reduce labor costs, access of animals to food and water are considered. The methods of manure removal are defined – mechanical (scraper conveyors, rope-scraper installations and suspended roads), hydraulic (pressure and gravity), pneumatic methods, as well as a system of slotted floors. The factors that do not allow the full use of the opportunities available in the livestock industry of the penal system are identified. In addition, the practical orientation of the presented material will allow the use of mechanical and automatic processes in the activities of the rear services of state-owned organizations and institutions of the penal system.

Keywords: animal husbandry, mechanization, automation, poultry farming penal system.


  1. Vodyannikov V.T. Economic assessment of the implementation of the bioenergy resource of agricultural waste. Economy of agricultural and processing enterprises, 2020, no. 7, pp. 26-31. (In Russian) URL:
  2. Vojtyuk M.M., Kondrat’eva O.V., Slin’ko O.V., Vojtyuk V.A. Construction and modernization of livestock facilities-a driver of agricultural development. Rural machinery and equipment, 2019, no. 2, pp. 26-33. (In Russian) URL:
  3. Gasparyan S.V. Economic aspects of agricultural production in integrated formations of the agro-industrial complex. Monograph. Kursk, University book Publ., 2016, 140 p. (In Russian) URL:
  4. Guzenko A.N. The role of mechanization and automation of production processes in animal husbandry activities of the UIS. Perm, Perm Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service Publ., 2021, 304 p. (In Russian) URL:
  5. Gusev V.A., Zazykina L.A., Sklyar A.V., Kuz’mina T.N. Organization and technical support of production of chicken meat crosses. Rural machinery and equipment, 2018, no. 4, pp. 28-33. (In Russian) URL:
  6. Kibirov A.Ya., Novozhilova Zh.S. Organizational and economic mechanisms of innovative development of agro-industrial production of institutions of the penitentiary system (UIS). Agri-food policy of Russia, 2016, no. 2 (50), pp. 13-16. (In Russian) URL:
  7. Kuznecova A.R., Askarova A.A. The cost of agricultural products as a key factor in improving production efficiency. International Agricultural Journal, 2020, no. 2, pp. 40-42. (In Russian) URL:
  8. Mishurov N.P., Hlepit’ko M.N., Gorshkov M.I. Results of the reliability assessment of machinery and equipment for animal husbandry. Rural machinery and equipment, 2018, no. 10. – pp. 25-29. (In Russian) URL:
  9. Morozov N.M., Rasskazov A.N. The main factors of increasing the efficiency of livestock production in Russia. Economy of agricultural and processing enterprises, 2019, no. 6. – pp. 12-15. (In Russian) URL:
  10. Prudnikov V.V., Tarasov A.A., Novozhilova Zh.S. Questions of calculating the cost of poultry products in the institutions of the penal System. CITISE, 2019, no. 1 (18), pp. 43. (In Russian). URL:
  11. Tihomirov A.I., Fomin A.A. Development of organic animal husbandry: challenges and opportunities. International Agricultural Journal, 2019, no. 3, pp. 77-80. (In Russian) URL:
  12. Hohlov V.V. Analysis of cattle breeding on subsidiary farms of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia. Perm, Perm Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service Publ., 2020, pp. 226-229. (In Russian) URL:
  13. Hohlov V. V. Analysis of the level of mechanization and automation of animal husbandry activities of subsidiary farms of penal institutions. Perm, Perm Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service Publ., 2020, 141 p. (In Russian). URL:
  14. Jung L., Brenninkmeyer C., Niebuhr K., Bestman M., Tuyttens F. A. M., Gunnarsson S., Knierim U. Husbandry conditions and welfare outcomes in organic egg production in eight european countries. Animals, 2020, vol. 10, issue 11, pp. 1-16. DOI:
  15. Li Q., Wagan S.A., Wang Y. An analysis on determinants of farmers’ willingness for resource utilization of livestock manure. Waste Management, 2021, vol. 120, pp. 708-715. DOI:
  16. Man K.Y., Chow K.L., Man Y.B., Mo W.Y., Wong M. H. Use of biochar as feed supplements for animal farming. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 2021 vol. 51, issue 2, pp. 187-217. DOI:
  17. Nannoni E., Aarnink A. J. A., Vermeer H. M., Reimert I., Fels M., Bracke M. B. M. Soiling of pig pens: A review of eliminative behaviour. Animals, 2020, vol.10, issue11, pp. 1-21. DOI:

For citation:

Gasparyan S.V., Piskunov A.I., Napris Z.S., Kolev A.A. Economic aspects of mechanization and automation in animal husbandry activities of the penal system. CITISE, 2021, no. 1, pp.401-411. DOI: