ISSN 2409-7616

Bakieva E.V., Bigildina E.R., Vildanov I.R., Zainullina E.R., Khizbullina R.Z.



UDC 372.8

Bakieva E.V.1 (Ufa, Russian Federation) – E-mail:, Bigildina E.R.1 (Ufa, Russian Federation) – E-mail:, Vildanov I.R.1 (Ufa, Russian Federation) – E-mail:, Zainullina E.R.1 (Ufa, Russian Federation) – E-mail:, Khizbullina R.Z.1 (Ufa, Russian Federation) – E-mail:

1Bashkir State University

Abstract. Today, there are about 39 million blind people and 124 million people with poor vision worldwide. Every five seconds in the world, one adult goes blind, every minute – a child. In less than 10 years, the number of blind people on Earth will reach 75 million. The article presents the basic principles of making tactile maps, which are the most important tool for blind and visually impaired people to learn about the world around them. The lack of tactile maps is especially acute in educational institutions and schools. And we are not talking about thematic maps, but about general geographical maps that give general information about our world, these are political and economic maps, maps of continents and oceans. It is these maps that give students a complete spatial picture of the reality around them. To date, there are very few cartographic products of this type, since the entire process of creating them is complex, not specified and quite expensive. In this paper, we will consider some of the most optimal types of printing tactile cards with specific examples. These maps can serve both for educational institutions and as a reference guide for adults. Tactile maps are very popular today, they require special attention, their creation is an extremely important mission, anyone should study this world, learn something new, and the loss of vision should not become a barrier to the development of the world for such a person.

Keywords: tactile map, conventional signs, perception, geography lessons, correctional school, visually impaired children.


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For citation:

Bakieva E.V., Bigildina E.R., Vildanov I.R., Zainullina E.R., Khizbullina R.Z. Principles of drawing up and possibilities of using tactile maps in teaching geography. CITISE, 2021, no. 1, pp.195-205. DOI: