ISSN 2409-7616

Kozlov V.A.



UDC 378.6:355.232

Kozlov V.A.1 (Voronezh, Russian Federation) – E-mail:

1Center of the air force Academy named after Professor N.E. Zhukovsky and Yu.A. Gagarin

Abstract. The combat capability of modern armed forces largely depends on the level of professional training and the moral character of the highest command staff, and this becomes especially relevant with the introduction of modern methods of armed struggle. The achievement of military goals and the country’s defense capability is inextricably linked with a high-quality training system for the command staff. Formed higher military educational institutions of the Russian Empire of the XIX-first half of the XX century, had a developed structure of selection, training and graduation of students.The aim of the work: – historical and pedagogical research of the issues of training senior command personnel in military schools from 1832 to 1917 on the basis of modern approaches to the study of pedagogical work in higher military educational institutions, identifying the training officer of the listener in the Russian Empire, with the aim of highlighting the positive and negative sides of the system of higher military education and consider their use in practical training of senior officers in modern Russia. The hypothesis was that the identification of the characteristic features of the training of officers in higher military educational institutions will allow us to identify the positive and negative aspects of the training system, to get acquainted with the elements useful in the modern system of military education. In his historical and pedagogical research, the author uses the methods of historiographical, comparative and systematic analysis. The author comes to the conclusion that the system of officer training in the Russian Empire was characterized by a multi-level system, had a developed system of selection, training and graduation of officers who receive education in higher military educational institutions. As a result, in Russia of the XIX century, there was a multi-level system of training, characterized by rigor and exactingness to officers, when studying in the system of higher military education. Progressive features in the training of officers-trainees in the higher military educational institutions of the Russian Empire, as well as the importance of the elements of the system in the training of an officer can be useful today.

Keywords: higher military education, officer training system, characteristic features of officer training, training of qualified officers, multi-level training system.


  1. Benda V.N. The contribution of military figures and scientists to the development of military science and scientific and methodological foundations of officer training (the second half of the XVIII century). Vestnik Vyatka State University, 2017, no. 8, pp. 33-38. (In Russian) URL:
  2. Belov K.V., Milyutin D.A. Transformations in the preparation of a new officer corps. Scientific Journal of KLIO-2014, no. 12 (96), pp. 112-115. (In Russian) URL:
  3. Varzakov I.V. Recruitment of the officer corps of Russia and Germany at the end of the XIX – beginning of the XX century: comparative estimates. Military-historical journal, 2008, no. 4, pp. 15-18. (In Russian) URL:
  4. Glushachenkov A.A., Kuleshov S.M. Formation of the personnel training system in the interests of Russian military aviation on the eve of the First World War. Society, state, law, 2014, no. 4, pp. 11 -21. (In Russian) URL:
  5. Gornovsky A.A. Attestation as an element of completing the Russian army with personnel (historical review: mid-XVIII-late XX centuries). Military Law, 2019, no. 4, pp. 22-27. (In Russian) URL:
  6. Kozlov V.A. Selection of candidates from among officers for training in higher military educational institutions of the Russian Empire in the XIX century. Lipetsk, Lipetsk State Pedagogical University named after P.P. Semenov-Tyan-Shansky Publ., 2019, pp. 99-102. (In Russian) URL:
  7. Kozlov V. A. Formation of the system of training of higher officers in the Russian Empire. Global scientific potential, 2019, no. 6 (99), pp. 10-13. (In Russian) URL:
  8. Korovin V.M. Military education in the Russian Empire (mid-XIX – early XX century). Voronezh, Voronezh State University Publ., 2009, 704 p. (In Russian) URL:
  9. Kostarev S.V., Sokolov I I., Yershov N.V. The development of military pedagogy in the XXI century. St. Petersburg. LLC “Publishing House VVM” Publ., pp. 143-148. (In Russian) URL:
  10. Kapel O.V. Officer – educator of personnel. Military academic journal, 2017, no. 2, pp.161-162. (In Russian) URL:
  11. Mukhina T.G., Koposov E.V., Borodachev V.V. History and prospects of development of the domestic system of additional professional education in the conditions of higher school. Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering Publ., 2013, 359 c. (In Russian) URL:
  12. Pismensky A.G. History of military engineering education of the Russian ground forces. Moscow, Modern Humanities University Publ., 2012, pp. 25-31. (In Russian) URL:
  13. Starodubtsev M.P. Military educational institutions as the highest form of military education in Russia in the second half of the XVIII century. Kazan Pedagogical Journal, 2016, no.  2-1 (115), pp. 141-145. (In Russian) URL:
  14. Tananaiko V.V. Formation and development of military education in Russia of the XVIII century. Moscow Military University, 2012, 346 p. (In Russian) URL:
  15. Tebenkov K.A. Implementation of the competence approach in the training of highly qualified officers. Pedagogical education and Science, 2013, no. 4, pp. 138-142. (In Russian) URL:
  16. Chistyakov A.V. Development of the system of military education in the Russian Empire (the second half of the XIX century-the beginning of the XX century). Moscow Military University Publ..2012, 275 p. (In Russian) URL:

For citation:

Kozlov V.A. Characteristic features of officer training in the system of higher military education of the Russian empire. CITISE, 2021, no. 1, pp.173-182. DOI: