ISSN 2409-7616

Hizbullina R.Z., Zaripova L.A., Sidorova N.I., Bigildina E.R., Sidorova A.G.



UDC 372.8

Hizbullina R.Z.1(Ufa, Russian Federation) – E-mаil:, Zaripova L.A.1 (Ufa, Russian Federation) – E-mаil:, Sidorova N.I.2 (Ufa, Russian Federation) – E-mail:, Bigildina E.R.1 (Ufa, Russian Federation) – E-mail:, Sidorova A.G.3 (Ufa, Russian Federation) – E-mail: nadegda2609@

1 Bashkir state University

2 Lyceum No. 107

3 Ufa State Petroleum Technical University

Abstract. The houses of Khrushchev’s buildings, or simply “Khrushchev’s” as an architectural creation, have become a landmark of cities, a part of its history. The article shows the role of “Khrushchev’s” in the formation of an individual’s interest in the cultural and historical heritage, in the education of love and respect for home. The work takes into account the possibilities of both the functional use of “Khrushchev”, and their pedagogical significance, namely the formation of a sense of patriotism, strengthening the concepts of “home” and “family”. After all, to have their own home is the dream of any, both Soviet and Russian families. Especially if this housing is affordable and inexpensive. Now it is difficult to imagine many cities without “Khrushchev’s”, we were convinced of this, considering as an example the city of Ufa – a city of millionaire in terms of the number of inhabitants. These houses were supposed to be temporary housing, designed for a maximum of twenty-five years, after which they were planned to be demolished. In this article, “Khrushchev’s” are considered as a social phenomenon with all the positive and negative sides, the main norms for the construction and operation of “Khrushchev’s” are highlighted, and their internal layout is shown. The main attention is paid to the location of the “Khrushchev’s” in the city: their features, number, as well as the names of streets where they can be seen today. According to the city administration, there are about one thousand seven hundred and fifty five-story buildings in the housing administration of the Ufa districts. For several years now, city administrations have been discussing the problem of demolishing “Khrushchev’s» and the construction of new high-rise buildings, but time passes, and the question remains open. In the meantime, “Khrushchev’s” are not only houses, they are a whole era, a special leaf in the pages of the history of every city in our country. The simplicity and low cost of “Khrushchev’s” made it possible to build them in whole regions. Unfortunately, the general appearance of “Khrushchev’s” does not particularly attract modern people, especially the younger generation, as it provides very narrow opportunities to show design skills and embody original ideas in order to create their own, unique and modern, fashionable housing.

Keywords: “Khrushchev”, architectural types of cities, Ufa, housing construction, five-story buildings.


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For citation:

Hizbullina R.Z., Zaripova L.A., Sidorova N.I., Bigildina E.R., Sidorova A.G. Ufa “khrushchevs” as an example of cultural and historical heritage in upbringing youth. CITISE, 2021, no. 1, pp.85-98. DOI: