HEALTH CAPITAL IN RUSSIA: MAIN DEVELOPMENT TRENDS AND MODERN REALITIES
Alexander G. Varfolomeev – Candidate of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Higher Attestation Commission in the specialty “Economics and National Economy Management”, Associate Professor of the Department of Regional Economics and Management, Faculty of Economics and Management, South-West State University, Kursk, Russian Federation, E-mail: email@example.com
Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of human capital as such with a focus on its basic element – the capital of health. The author notes the distinction between the concepts of “human potential” and “human capital”. The material describes the key components of human capital and types of investment in human capital. The article reveals the specific features of investing in a person that distinguish him from other types of investment. The author pays special attention to the health capital, noting its paramount importance and fundamental role in the structure, reveals the specific signs of health capital and insists on its uniqueness. The classification of factors affecting human health presented in the study is the pivotal for all scientific work. The article identifies the main health problems that have come to the fore in recent years. The role of state policy in the formation of health capital is highlighted in sufficient detail. The Kursk region was chosen as an example of its influence on regional development. For greater clarity, the author provided statistical data on the number of hospital organizations and medical personnel of various qualifications. Other quantitative indicators in the field of health care were also taken into account. A brief analysis of the structure of sports and health-improving organizations of the region is also provided. The author demonstrates the dynamics of investment in the studied industry through data on the distribution of budget expenditures of the Kursk region for 2013-2018 in terms of healthcare. The author draws attention to the changes in the connotation of understanding of health, healthy lifestyles and health capital as such due to the worsening epidemiological situation in the new corona of a viral infection.
Keywords: human capital, health capital, investment in human capital, health care, resource, morbidity, prevention.
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Varfolomeev A.G. Health capital in Russia: main development trends and modern realities. CITISE, 2020, no. 4, pp.408-418. DOI: http://doi.org/10.15350/2409-7616.2020.4.35