ELEMENTS OF STUDENTS EDUCATIONAL TRAJECTORIES INDIVIDUALIZATION RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS
Denis S. Dmitriev –Candidate Pedagogical Science, Professor, Associate Professor of Mathematics and Business Informatics Department Samara National Research University, Samara, Russian Federation, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4945-8832, E-mail: email@example.com
Abstract. The article discusses one of the current problems of the educational process implementation effectiveness – the problem of the student’s educational trajectory individualization. The theoretical and methodological aspects retrospective analysis of scientific research in the framework of student’s educational process individualization (personalization) formation is carried out to identify the most significant advantages of individual students’ educational trajectories implementation in modern educational programs. The author’s attention is focused on approaches of student’s educational process individualization essence and structure content. The analysis showed that the considered topics are widely represented in scientific research of the professional pedagogical community, starting from the end of the 19th century, mainly in the United States of America (USA). The analysis of the individual trajectories transformation allows us to formulate the key advantages of their educational process integration: students independently form the pace of mastering the program; flexibility of approach as the ability to master the discipline materials in the acceptable time, as the ability to adjust the schedule in accordance with their own needs; software and other information technology tools as an auxiliary tool for individualization; ample opportunities to build a trajectory and control the process of forming competencies and intermediate certification in “real time”; an individual trajectory is suitable for educational process various formats; variability of educational technologies and tools of individualization; increasing the students involvement in the educational process; one-to-one training is focused on students with different needs and experiences. The author comes to the conclusion that the significant advantages of student’s individual educational trajectories to the educational program’s implementation actualize the problem of finding optimal tools and technologies for transforming education in order to make it more targeted and specific for each student.
Keywords: individual educational trajectory, education individualization, education personalization, education transformation.
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