ISSN 2409-7616

R. Khizbullina, L. Yakupova, L. Polyanskaya, L. Salemgaraeva, G. Akhmetshina



Rezeda Z. Khizbullina – Candidate of pedagogic sciences, associate professor of physical geography, mapping and geodesy department,  FSBEI of Higher Education “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russian Federation, E-mail:

Liliya R. Yakupova – Candidate of chemical sciences, associate professor at the department of chemistry, natural geographical faculty, “Bashkir State Pedagogical University n. a. M. Akmulla” Ufa, Russian Federation, E-mail:

Lyaysan  R. Polyanskaya, Department of pedagogy and psychology, FSBEI of Higher Education “Bashkir State Pedagogical Universit n. a. M. Akmulla”, Ufa, Russian Federation, E-mail:

Leysyan R. Salemgaraeva – Student of geography department, «Physical Geography» specialization, FSBEI of Higher Education “Bashkir State University”, Ufa, Russian Federation, E-mail:

Guzel A. Akhmetshina – Student of naturally geographical faculty, «Pedagogical education chemistry and physics» FSBEI of Higher Education “Bashkir State Pedagogical University n. a. M. Akmulla”, Ufa, Russian Federation, E-mail:

Abstract. The article examines the comparative characteristics of the level of competence of a student in a traditional system of education and the level of competence of a student in a developing learning environment that meets the modern requirements of our society. We have studied common problems for any education system in our perestroika time, which concerns us first of all. In order to search for criteria for building a unified system of natural disciplines, four stages of the study of Nature are identified in the historical aspect and their brief characteristics are given with the disclosure of General topics and provisions. As for the development of systems of any level of complexity, the article considers two stages: an evolutionary or jump-like one, which does not change the system, and a jump that takes it from its previous state to a new qualitative state with a higher level of order than before. We also briefly considered the main essence of the process of unfolding the accumulated ideas about natural science. The goal of the work was formulated, which allowed us to understand the genetic cell of the real world and on its basis to build a genetic hypothetical developing hierarchical unified system of educational disciplines that reflect the real world and are known in the future by students. Allocated and describes the most important solutions to the problem, which is the process of organizing teacher activities student finding his relations with the real world to transfer the material to a perfect plan, a plan of his consciousness and Vice versa, a perfect plan, that is, his consciousness in terms of material.

Keywords: nature, natural science, student competence, science, learning system.



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For citation:

Khizbullina R.Z., Yakupova L.R., Polyanskaya L.R., Salemgaraeva L.R., Akhmetshina G.A. Characteristics of students competence that identify problems that require immediate solutions. CITISE, 2020, no. 2, pp. 135-149. DOI: