T. Semenovskikh, G. Kuchterina
FORMATION OF MEANING-LIFE ORIENTATIONS OF CADETS IN CULTURAL AND LEISURE ACTIVITIES
Tatiana V. Semenovskikh – PhD of Psychological science, Associate Professor of Department of Child Psychology and Pedagogy, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy, University of Tyumen, Tyumen, Russian Federation, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Galina V. Kuchterina – PhD of Psychological science, Associate Professor of Department of Child Psychology and Pedagogy, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy, University of Tyumen, Tyumen, Russian Federation, E-mail: email@example.com
Abstract. The article deals with the phenomenon of “meaning-life orientations” from the position of an axiological approach that postulates attention to universal values. The theoretical justification of the structural and functional model is given and the testing of the program for the formation of meaningful life orientations of cadets in cultural and leisure activities is described. In the ascertaining experiment, diagnostic methods are used: the test of meaning-life orientations by D.A. Leontiev and the “Scale of existence” by A. Langle and K. Orgler. The authors suggested that in order to form meaningful life orientations, it is necessary to rely on five main aspects that make up the essence of the studied phenomenon. Among these aspects stand out: purposefulness as a necessary condition for planning your life and implementing your plans; “reasonable selfishness”, which includes such important personality traits as objectivity towards yourself; reflection; education of leadership qualities; the desire to improve, through the perception of your past experience as positive and, interiorization of values, primarily spiritual and moral. The formative experiment was conducted on the basis of a structural and functional model consisting of four interrelated blocks: target, formative, functional and effective. To determine the formation of life-sense orientations, the authors followed three criteria. Motivational-value criterion-determines the presence of a stable internal need for a cadet to learn values and search for an ideal, strive for self-knowledge and self-determination, “fit” their self into the world around them and society. Cognitive criterion-defines the set of knowledge and concepts necessary for the effective implementation of the process of forming meaningful life orientations. Behavioral criteria include reflexivity, awareness of what is happening, and the ability to improvise in the context of a situation. According to the results of the control experiment, the indicators for the sub-scales of meaning-life orientations in the cadets who participated in the formative experiment increased, which allowed us to recognize the program as effective.
Keywords: cadets; goal-setting; reflexivity; meaning-life orientations; cultural and leisure activities; existence; self- transcendence.
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Semenovskikh T.V., Kuchterina G.V. Formation of meaning-life orientations of cadets in cultural and leisure activities. CITISE, 2020, no. 1, pp. 366-379. DOI: http://doi.org/10.15350/2409-7616.2020.1.34