E. Shavina, A. Sivkova
EXPERIENCE OF SPATIAL ORGANIZATION OF FOREIGN ECONOMIES AND STATE POLICY OF STIMULATION OF INNOVATIVE MODERNIZATION OF REGIONS
Evgeniya V. Shavina – Candidate of economic Sciences, Docent, associate Professor of the Department of political Economy and History of economic Science, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation, RSCI SPIN-code:7310-5921, ORCID: 0000-0002-0043-5974, E-mail: Shavina.EV@rea.ru
Anna E. Sivkova – Assistant of the Basic Department of financial control, analysis and audit of the Moscow Main Control Department, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation, RSCI SPIN-code: 3516-0578, Е-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract. Foreign experience of the functioning of various spatial forms of business organization indicates a significant positive impact of the latter on the national socio-economic situation, improvement of the production structure, the dynamics of the labor market and capital, as well as increasing the competitiveness of regions, including depressed ones. The transition of the domestic economy to a post-industrial model of development is one of the priorities of the state economic policy. In these conditions, the development of state financial support for the implementation of deep economic reforms and growth of the country’s economy, strengthening its competitiveness in the world economic space, enhancing innovation and investment processes, solving social contradictions, ensuring the welfare of citizens acquires a priority role and importance. In these conditions, the development of state financial support takes on a priority role and significance and is necessary for the implementation of deep economic transformations and growth of the country’s economy, strengthening its competitiveness in the global economic space, enhancing innovation and investment processes, resolving social contradictions, and ensuring the well-being of citizens. After analyzing the experience of foreign countries in the field of spatial organization of the economy and the role of innovative modernization of regions in their development, the authors propose an approach that has a synergistic effect of the relationships of participants in industrial parks (clusters). It includes the effect of partnership and the effect of obtaining state support, calculated on the basis of the classic indicator of economic efficiency of projects – net present value. This indicator will determine the effectiveness before and after the inclusion of various forms of state support in the project. Based on the analysis of foreign experience, the authors came to the conclusion that innovative modernization of the regions can be carried out in the Russian Federation by reducing tax rates for residents of industrial parks, the availability of cheap loans, and providing state support in the form of 10-year protection against adverse changes in legislation and a number of other events.
Keywords: spatial economy, region, innovative modernization, industrial parks, clusters, state policy, taxation, innovative development.
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Shavina E. V., Sivkova A.E. Experience of spatial organization of foreign economies and state policy of stimulation of innovative modernization of regions. CITISE, 2019, no. 4, pp. 390-407. DOI: http://doi.org/10.15350/24097616.2019.4.37