N. Zhadunova, C. Koval, E. Kunderevich
PRACTICES OF REFLECTION AND OPPORTUNITY OF COUNTERACTION TO INFORMATION WAR IN THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION
Natalia Zhadunova – candidate of philosophical sciences, dean of the faculty of additional education Ogarev Mordovia State University, ORCID: 0000-0002-9058-0488, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, (Russia, Saransk)
Catherine Koval – candidate of philosophical sciences, associate professor of law enforcement activities and enforcement proceedings of Middle-Volga Institute (branch) of Russian State University of Justice (MOJ Russia RPA) ORCID: 0000-0003-0069-5335, E-mail: email@example.com, (Russia, Saransk)
Elena Kunderevich – candidate of philosophical sciences, associate professor of philosophy Kiev National University of culture and arts, ORCID: 0000-0001-7248-5033, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, (Ukraine, Kiev)
Abstract. The article is devoted to such an urgent problem as the study of the possibilities of countering the information war in the system of higher education, carried out on the basis of technological, psychological, historical-political and ethical-philosophical approaches. The study of the content of these approaches makes it possible to develop the idea about the ways of counteracting the negative consequences of the contemporary information war and the application of moral constraints to the personal information activity, which are formed in the process of receiving higher education. The main task of the authors is the analysis of the needs of experts (the specialists of higher education system in Russia and CIS countries) to study indicated problems in the university in order to build students’ skills in countering the information warfare in individual and social practices. An expert survey method was used. 40 experts from Russia, Belarus and Ukraine participated in this survey. Respondents were pro-rectors of universities, employees of regional ministries of education, heads of departments, teachers of the humanities in the higher education institutions. The research identified the needs for analysis of the issues of the information warfare and ways to counteract its negative consequences in the process of learning various social and humanitarian disciplines by the university students. The study of this problem will allow students to create competencies aimed at critical understanding of information; to apply moral constraints to the information and communication activities of different target groups; to develop independent position in the situation of information confrontation. At the institutional level (government ministries and departments) it is necessary to consider the possibility of including courses and modules devoted to the problem of information warfare and ways of counteracting it in individual and social levels to the main educational programs of higher education curricula.
Keywords: ways to counter, education, information warfare, information pollution, moral constraints, expert survey.
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