ISSN 2409-7616

M. Romanova, I. Kulgachev

RISK PROFILE IN TOURISM

DOI: http://doi.org/10.15350/24097616.2020.2.12

Marianna M. Romanova – PhD (Economics) Associate professor, Associate professor, Hospitality Tourism and sports Department, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation, E-mail: rmm2002@mail.ru

Ivan P. Kulgachev – PhD (Philosophy) Associate professor, Associate professor, Head of the Department of tourism, Moscow state Institute of physical culture, sports and tourism th. Yu. A. Senkevich,  Moscow, Russian Federation, E-mail: kulg-ivan@yandex.ru

Abstract. Tourism is one of the most dynamically developing sectors of the economy with high risks. The tourism industry is a sector with a high degree of risk is influenced both by factors external and internal environment. Risk in the economy refers to the probability (threat) of an enterprise losing part of its resources, not receiving income, or incurring additional expenses as a result of its activities. Currently, the most relevant for the tourism industry are external threats related to geopolitical and international events. In this regard, organizations of the tourism industry need to anticipate and analyze risks, both in the country and in the world. Thus, the terrorist threat and the ban on air travel between Russia and Georgia (June – October 2019) led to the cancellation of tours to Georgia. The record warm winter in 2019/2020 reduced winter tourism (inbound and domestic) in Central Russia to” zero”. The spread of coronavirus first in China, and then around the world negatively affects not only tourism, but also the entire world economy.  The scientific literature mostly presents developments that take into account the impact of tourism on the economy. The study reflects aspects of the dependence of different types of tourism on risks, as well as techniques and methods for reducing the risk level.

Keywords: tourism, hospitality industry, tour operators, risks, risk factors, external and internal risk factors, risk reduction methods, coronovirus.

 

References:

  1. Astafyeva O.A. Features of innovative managers in the hospitality industry. Creative Economy, 2016, vol. 10 (10), pp. 44-50. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=27278068
  2. Voronov A.S. Spatial approach in the development of socio-economic systems of regions. Public Administration. Electronic bulletin, 2019, no. 75, pp. 249-267. (In Russian) URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=39282790
  3. Gareev R.R. Features of the use of emotional marketing in a hotel company in an active competitive environment. Russian Economic Internet Journal, 2018, 1, pp. 8. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=34870545
  4. Dzandzhugazova E.A. Event as a tool of territory development: best practices. Russian regions: a look to the future, 2018, no. 2 (5), рр. 44-50. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=35049446
  5. Ilin A.B., Bebris A.O. Assessment of the market value of the results of intellectual activity as one of the  leading  problems of  the innovative economy of   Internet Journal of Science of Science, 2014, no. 3 (22), pp. 29. (In Russian)  URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=22285170
  6. Manteifel E.A., Blinova E.A. Modern trends in the development of mobile Chinese tourism and prospects for Russia. Innovations and investment, 2016,   10, рр. 267-269. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=30304676
  7. Orekhov S.A., Reshenko N.I., Sokolov M.A. On methods of ensuring competitiveness of entrepreneurial structures. Moscow. Moscow State University of Economics, Statistics and Informatics Publ., 2014, рр. 263 – 264. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=22027716
  8. Orlova L.N. Mechanisms for ensuring sustainable socio-economic development of regions. Bulletin of the Russian Economic University named after G.V. Plekhanov, 2018, no. 2 (98), 161-170. (In Russian)  URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=3282488
  9. Romanova M. M. Priorities of strategic development of the tourism industry in Russia. Moscow, 2015, рр. 125 – 127. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=24139326
  10. Ruban D.A., Molchanova T.K., Latushko N.A. Disproportions of the Russian tourism and hospitality industry: innovative and spatial aspects. Bulletin of Economics, Law and Sociology, 2018, no. 3, 41-46. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=36282707
  11. Chernova A.A. Typology and conditions for the application of anti-crisis strategies. Economics, Statistics and Computer Science. Bulletin of UMO, 2015, no. 1, pp. 133-135. (In Russian) URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=23322622
  12. Dzhandzhugazova E.A., Romanova M.M., Blinova E.A., Semkina N.S., Basem A. Model of hotel crisis management: russian and foreign experience. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods, 2018, 11 (8),  pp. 38-52. URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=36813384
  13. Kozlov D.A. Hotel organizational structure. 2018, 82 р. URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=32338632
  14. Nikolskaya E.Yu., Kovaleva N.I., Dracheva E.L., Gadimova F.K., Novikova N.G. Methodological techniques  for  measuring  performance  in  the hospitality industry.  Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 2019, no. 2 (34) (10), pp. 379-384. URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=37970143

 

For citation:

Romanova M.M., Kulgachev I.P. Risk profile in tourism. CITISE, 2020, no. 2, pp. 123-134. DOI: http://doi.org/10.15350/24097616.2020.2.12